The City of Nazareth is located in a valley in southern Galilee. It was here that Joseph and his wife Mary.
Lived and Jesus spent his childhood . In the first centuries A.D.
Nazareth was populated only by Jews , but with the strengthening
of the Roman Empire, the number of Christians living there grew.
From the fourth century onwards, churches were built on the
sites which were connected with Jesus and the Virgin Mary.
Today the population of Nazareth is a mixture of Christians.
Jews ,and Muslims. The Christians belong to various
denominations : Roman Catholic , Orthodox , Greek Catholic,
Maronite , Anglican , Copt , Armenian , Baptist , and other
There are many churches , monasteries , convents , hostels ,
Hospitals and schools , maintained by the various denominations
Every view of Nazareth is dominated by the Basilica of the Annunciation .
The present Basilica which was designed by the Italian architect
was completed in 1969. It is the fifth church
built on the spot where the Angel Gabriel stood when he prophesied
to the Virgin Mary that she would conceive a child. Remains of the first
church were discovered during excavations which were started
on the site in 1955 . The second church was built during the
Byzantine period ; the third at the beginning of the 12th century and
the fourth was completed in 1877 .
Mary s Well
Spring water is carried by an aqueduct to Mary s well , close to St. Gabriel Church .
Today as in biblical time the water is drawn in clay jars from the ornamental fountain,
and carried away by donkeys.
David Roberts' drawing of Mary s Well dated April 21, 1839.
The village of Nazareth grew up in the vicinity of the water source, and tradition has now identified the town well with its most famous female resident. Near here the Greek Orthodox
Church of St. Gabriel
Close to Mary's well is the church of St. Gabriel .Built by the Crusaders in the
12th century. .